To prepare students for taking their places in various vocations and avenues of life. Here the educational organisation may be a school, college or university. q. Every administration has a hierarchy that is often represented as a pyramid. So the totality of these processes which are directed towards realizing or achieving the purposes or goals of the school/college/university is called educational administration. organization and. educational administration is directed towards describing, explaining, relating and predicting behaviours in social systems. Educational institutions operate in a dynamic environment. The principles are: (1) Structural Democracy, (2) Operational Democracy (3) Justice (4) Equality of Opportunity (5) Prudence (6) Adaptability, Flexibility and Stability. An institution must be able to adjust with changing situations by fulfilling the developing needs and by improving its day-to-day dealings with persons or agencies involved. This tendency is called flexibility. Plagiarism Prevention 4. The additional elements comprise the various aspects of educational theory and practice including philosophy of education, objectives of education, curriculum, method of teaching, discipline, role of the teacher, rules and regulations etc. This has usually been the stated objective of administrative reform. The administrator identifies and articulates a school's mission and goals and makes them happen by implementing programs, delegating tasks and allocating resources. Educational administration is a complex affair. Content Guidelines 2. It is a specialized activity which runs the entire educational programme with fruitful and constructive goal. He provides feedback to them and brings modification, if required in the plans and programmes of the school or college or university. Content Guidelines 2. Educational administration doesn’t refer to any single process rather different processes or aspects constitute administration. This will be done if educational administration accepts it as its principle in real situation. Being contextual in approach it can be said that the futuristic outlook, vision and forward looking must be incorporated it the field of administration. For any administration -- business, government, educational institutions -- to function properly, the principles of management which include hierarchy, control, unity of command, delegation of authority, specialization, objectives, centralization and decentralization, must be adhered to. The principles are: (1) Structural Democracy, (2) Operational Democracy (3) Justice (4) Equality of Opportunity (5) Prudence (6) Adaptability, Flexibility and Stability. 1 Principles of Educational Administration EME 202 University of Ibadan Distance Learning Centre Open and Distance Learning Course Series Development But it is essential to mention that the functions of educational administration can be studied under two major perspectives. He/She evaluates their performance and progress in achieving the purposes of the programme. Overall speaking prudence refers to thinking or planning or showing thought for future. Besides this it requires a great efficiency with it based on human sympathy, understanding, knowledge and skill. This principle “Prudence” is closely related to intelligent economy which implies quality control. Educational administration is a non-profit making task. Image Guidelines 5. In this context it should be the task of educational administration to make special efforts for equalizing educational opportunities by reducing the above cited problems of it. They give a differential treatment to different students, staffs, officials and community members as per their need remaining within the jurisdiction of educational administration. i. To Ensure Professional Ethics And Professional Development Among Teachers: As teachers are the senior and mature human elements to accelerate the programme in time their role is highly felt in this regard. Principle of scientific methods 4. The physical resources mainly contribute building equipment’s and instructional materials. Prohibited Content 3. principles. While I create an approachable atmosphere with a low power distance, Theory X leadership philosophy centers on a traditional boss who issues orders and prods activities rather than motivating workers (Owens & Valesky, 2015). It is evident from several studies that now in educational administration there lies a lot of wasteful expenditure for which the system of check and balance is essential. 3- principle of scientific method. In the process of achieving its educational objectives, it has to deal differently with different human beings like teachers, parents and the public at large, who are affected in one way or other by the process or its products. Let us discuss these functions one by one. 1- principle of democratic leadership. Flexibility is the capacity of an institution to react in variance with persons and situations affected and to warn against the dangers of uniformity. e. Organizing curricular and co-curricular programmes. (d) Disparity of educational development between the advanced classes and the backward classes. To Ensure Adequate Utilization Of All Resources: For adequate realization of the various purposes of educational programme there is the need of ensuring adequate utilization of all available resources-human, material and financial. The human resources include pupils, teachers, supervisors, administrators and parents. This principle of educational administration gives priority on the practical aspect of democracy as a way of life and form of governance. This result in the emergence of a good and effective social order by the school or educational institution as an agency of education. Generally speaking justice refers to provide every individual his due in the society by honoring his individuality. For practicing justice in educational administration there is the need and essentiality of giving due reward and share to every individual to his efforts and achievements. d. Higher Secondary or Post secondary Education and. Liberty is granted to them with not making the system of “check and balance” rigid. For this greater emphasis should be given on equality of educational opportunity for the shake of accelerating the process for building up of on egalitarian human society in which the age old social exploitation will be reduced to minimum. Educational administration is primarily a social enterprise as it is more concerned with human resources than with material resources. Educational management is related to Henri Fayol 's 14 Principles of Management. In this context, it can be visualized that educational administration should aim at developing a desire for hard work, dedication and commitment for their job among teachers. The prime concern of administration of any programme is proper accomplishment of the pre-fixed purposes and goals. 2. In the field of educational administration, the educational authority as the administrative authority exercises its functions in relation to the above mentioned aspects. As we know the very fact that educational administration needs integration and co-ordination of all the physical and human resources and educational elements. The educational administration encompasses all the levels of education in its jurisdiction. Top 6 Principles of Educational Administra­tion. As a result, equality of opportunity in educational process will be practiced by educational administration as one of its principles. Educational administration is more an art than a science. An impartial administrator and manager will not unnecessarily favor as he or she will judge everyone equally. To ensure qualitative improvement of education: Good education can be provided to students by bringing qualitative improvement in instruction. 10. Category:Educational administration From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Educational administration is a discipline within the study of education that examines the administrative theory and practice of education in general and educational institutions and educators in particular activities. One is in general perspective and the other is in contextual perspective. It includes all types and strategies of management that encompasses the following: 4. Educational management is an applied field of management. The process of continuous improvement Because it is the practical ground to test the significance of educational administration in practice. To organize educational programmes for acquainting students with the art of democratic living and giving them excellent training in democratic citizenship. 2- principle of cooperation. Thus on the whole, adaptability is the capacity of an enterprise to change, to develop and to improve. This objective also implies quantitative expansion and qualitative improvement of education. In this regard and educational administrator will be a fittest one who can manage autocracy as and when necessary to achieve the goals of an educational programme. Copyright 10. Hence, all these three qualities of adaptability, flexibility and stability are complementary to each other. It is educational administration that determines what should be the nature and system of administration for all the above levels of education. Prohibited Content 3. The reason is that human relationship prevailed here can’t be maintained by any set of formulae. Educational administration is more an art than a science. As justice is one of the basic hallmarks of democratic administration, it is regarded as an essential principle of educational administrating which is democratic in form and practice. Principle of democratic leadership 2. Fully revised and thoroughly updated, this second edition of this classic book brings together many leading international authors on educational leadership, with brand new chapters from leaders in the field Ken Leithwood, Paul Begley, Allan Walker and Alma Harris. This is a particular focus on problems cited in modules 6 and 7 with an emphasis on the issue of "Women in Management." p. Supervision of the work of teachers and other employees. Like general administration educational administration has to practice the exercise of foresight skill and vision with respect to matters concerning practical living and utility of the system of administration in future by the educational administrator. b. Principle of coordination 5. 9. On the other hand, my philosophy considerably mirrors … d. Assigning duties and responsibilities to the staff members. In this context, the reasons for existence of inequalities of educational opportunities cited by the Education Commission (1964-66) can be highlighted which must be stressed in the field of educational administration. For this it should seek community support and co-operation for quantitative expansion, qualitative improvements, smooth and fair examination in the educational system. Justice. Because this sort of democracy seeks to make democracy more practical rather than formal. Educational administration is a non-profit making task. 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